Croatia is a middleuropean Adriatic country. It lies between Slovenia on the west, Hungary on the north, Serbia and Montenegro, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina on the east, while the Adriatic sea divides it from its neighbor Italy. The convenient geografical position, as well as the good traffic connections make it easy to reach its numerous destinations and the wunderful beaches of the cristal blue and clear Adriatic sea.
The Republic of Croatia covers an area of 56.538 km2 and its territorial waters cover 31.900 km2. The Adriatic sea of Croatia is for many Europeans the closest warm sea and is at the same time one of the most beautiful. The coastline including the islands is 5.700 km long and is one of the most intented coastlines in the Mediterranean. With its 1.185 islands, islets and rocks it really deserves its name ‘country of the thousand islands’. The biggest islands are Krk and Cres.
According to the last census, Croatia has 4.437.460 inhabitants. The majority of the inhabitants are Croats, while Serbs, Bosnians, Albanians, Slovenians, Hungarians, Italians and Czechs form the most numerous minorities.
Croatia is a multilateral parlamentary republic.
The capital is Zagreb with 779.145 inhabitants – the economic, traffic, cultural and academic center of Croatia.
Climate and weather
There are two climate zones; a temperate continental climate, locally also a mountainous climate, prevails in the interior, whereas a pleasant Mediterranean climate prevails along the Adriatic coast, with an overwhelming number of sunny days and a sea temperature that does not fall under 20°C. This pleasant climate favours the relax and enjoyment of the treasures of the Adriatic coast. The average temperature: January 0 to 2°C, August 19 to 23°C; average temperature at the seaside: January 6 to 11°C, August 21 to 27 °C; the sea temperature is about 12°C in the winter, and 25°C in the summer.
The official currency in Croatia is the Kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices, most travel agencies and at the reception of hotels, camps as well as in marinas.
In Croatia the most used cards are: Eurocard/Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners. They are accepted at most hotels, marinas, restaurants and shops, as well as at ATM’s and commercial centers.
Did you know…
… that in 1906 the Croat S. Eduard Penkala invented and patented the first real pen and first fountain pen.
… that the tie is a Croatian invention. In the 17. century the Croats made it a costum to put a piece of textile around the neck as a detail of fashion.
… that in four places on Veliki Brijuni were found more than 200 footprints from dinosaurs.
… that around the Arena of Pula was fastened the biggest tie in the world. It was 808 meter long and at the lower part of the tie 25 meters wide.
… that UNESCO and the Croatian government proclaimed the year 2006 that of Nikola Tesla. In 1882 Tesla discovered the principle of the rotating magnetic field. With his genious discovery he enabled the creation of the first electromotor running with alternate current.
… that our olympic Janica Kostelic entered in history with her many victories and became the most successful skier ever in the olympic games.
… that Croatian islands hide a lost world of living fossils. In caves of Hvar and Korčula were found new types of very small lobsters, survived examples of species that died out long ago.
… that Croatia is the homeland for protected and endemic types of plants. One of them is runolist, which has been protected by the law of nature since 1952, as well as the degenija of Velebit, an endangered, rare and endemic type that has been protected since 1964.
… that Ivan Meštrović is the most famous Croatian sculptor, as well as one of the biggest modern world artist. An interesting fact is that in 1947 he organized in the Metropolitan Museum of New York an exhibition about his work, which was the first exhibition of a living artist.
- Population 4.29 million (2011 census)
- Capital Zagreb
- Other main cities (by population) Split, Rijeka, Osijek
- Language Croatian, using the Latin alphabet
- Currency Kuna (100 Lipa = 1 Kuna)
- Area 56,691 square kilometres
- Main religion Roman Catholic
- Main ethic group Croatian (almost 90% of the population is Croatian)
Top Facts on Croatia
Neretva Delta covers about 20,000 ha of which 12,000 ha are in Croatia and the rest in Bosnia. The Delta contains some of the few wetlands remaining in Europe and is internationally recognized as a Ramsar site, an Important Bird Area and Mediterranean Specially Protected Area under the Barcelona Convention. The area of Neretva Delta has been proposed to become a nature park.
is the second largest city in Croatia, with just over 200,000 inhabitants, and is the largest city on the Adriatic coast.
is a stunning city with an amazing Old Town, which became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979.
The Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia’s most popular tourist attraction, was granted UNESCO World Heritage status in 1979. Located roughly halfway between capital city Zagreb and Zadar on the coast, the lakes are a definite must-see in Croatia.
archipelago of Croatia, also known as the Stomorski islands, is located in the northern part of Dalmatia, south from Zadar and west from Šibenik, in the Šibenik-Knin county.
The Makarska Riviera
Stretches for 60km between the towns of Brela and Gradac with the main town being, of course, Makarska. The Riviera is one of the most famous tourist locations along the Croatian coast and is also one of the most beautiful with a number of sandy beaches (rare for Croatia!), pine trees, sparkling water and peaceful bays. The area is also known for the impressive Biokovo Mountain, which overlooks the coastal area.
The city of Korcula, in the opinion of its many distinguished visitors throughout its rich history, is one of the most attractive and best preserved towns from the Middle Ages in the Mediterranean area. The island of the same name is one in the long string of 'pearls' forming great archipelago that runs along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea